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Well, there is some sanity in this world, it would seem. A bill making its way through the Colorado legislature, if passed, would prelude food stamp recipients from withdrawing EBT cash inside pot dispensaries. A no-brainer if ever there was one

"A bill proposed by several Republicans would add marijuana dispensaries to liquor stores, gun shops and casinos as places where recipients of public assistance payments and food stamps can't use their electronic benefits cards to access cash."

END

Of course, the article also states the obvious that people could sell what they get on their EBT (food stamp) card and then use the money to buy marijuana. But what stoner would do that to get high? DUH. DUH. DUH.

Another example of using drugs to dull the pain of a meaninglessness life in a Utopian Welfare State.

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Comment by Karen Jourden on January 20, 2014 at 1:26pm

EBT cards are also given to those who babysit through Social Services which is a salary to them.

Comment by Doug Nicholson on January 12, 2014 at 1:03pm

When one is receiving Food Stamps (SNAP) benefits on an EBT card, he can't purchase certain food items or withdraw cash with the card. However, certain other benefits, such as Welfare (TANF) are also applied to the EBT card and those benefits can be withdrawn as cash at any ATM or store that allows "cash back". Another trick that     is used by SNAP recipients, depending on store policy, is to buy a large quantity of an expensive product, such as steak, then immediately return the food, receiving a cash refund. 

Remember, EBT is a government run program; by definition it cannot work efficiently.

Comment by Tea Party California Council on January 11, 2014 at 9:14pm

You are the very first, to the best of my usual inquisitive memory, of any political persuasion, to comprehensively, candidly and with clarity, reveal the detrimental consequences of marijuana smoking or any form of injesting which no one has bothered to vocalize publicly.  There has been a politically concerted maneuver to promote the narrow, short term placebo benefits, but withheld everything that will deter easy, cheap accessibility to what is just another mind deteriorating drug to give more losers another excuse to remain reckless and irresponsible. I encourage you to continue feeding this article to other outlets.

Comment by Dennis L. Kolb Sr. on January 11, 2014 at 8:05pm

 http://adai.uw.edu/marijuana/factsheets/respiratoryeffects.htm

Respiratory Effects of Marijuana

Marijuana smoke contains over 4000 identified chemicals, including more than 50 that are known to cause cancer (Moir et al., 2008). It contains a similar range of harmful chemicals to that of tobacco smoke (including irritants and carcinogens) (Hoffmann et al, 1975). As inhaled smoke comes into contact with airway and lung before being absorbed into the bloodstream, it is likely to affect the respiratory system (Novotny et al, 1982).

Risk of respiratory effects from inhaling marijuana smoke are heightened by the more intensive way in which marijuana is smoked -- when smoking marijuana compared to tobacco, there is a prolonged and deeper inhalation and it is smoked to a shorter butt length and at a higher combustion temperature. This results in approximately 5 times the carbon monoxide concentration, 3 times the tar, and the retention of one-third more tar in the respiratory tract. Higher levels of ammonia and hydrogen cyanide have also been found in marijuana smoke, compared to tobacco (Moir, et al., 2008; Wu et al., 1988; Tashkin et al., 1991; Benson & Bentley, 1995).

A 2011 systematic review of the research concluded that long-term marijuana smoking is associated with an increased risk of some respiratory problems, including an increase in cough, sputum production, airway inflammation, and wheeze – similar to that of tobacco smoking (Howden & Naughton, 2011). However, no consistent association has been found between marijuana smoking and measures of airway dysfunction. Occasional and low cumulative marijuana use has not been associated with adverse effects on pulmonary function (Pletcher et al., 2012); the effects of heavier use are less clear.

Additionally, many marijuana smokers also smoke tobacco, which further increases the harm. Numerous studies have found that the harmful effects of smoking marijuana and tobacco appear to be additive, with more respiratory problems in those who smoke both substances than in those who only smoke one or the other (Wu et al, 1988).

The association between smoking marijuana and lung cancer remains unclear.  Marijuana smoke contains about 50% more benzopyrene and nearly 75% more benzanthracene, both known carcinogens, than a comparable quantity of unfiltered tobacco smoke (Tashkin, 2013). Moreover, the deeper inhalations and longer breath-holding of marijuana smokers result in greater exposure of the lung to the tar and carcinogens in the smoke. Lung biopsies from habitual marijuana-only users have revealed widespread alterations to the tissue, some of which are recognized as precursors to the subsequent development of cancer (Tashkin, 2013).  

On the other hand, several well-designed and large-scale studies, including one in Washington State (Rosenblatt et al, 2004), have failed to find any increased risk of lung or upper airway cancer in people who have smoked marijuana (Mehra et al, 2006; Tashkin, 2013), and studies assessing the association between marijuana use and cancer risk have many limitations, including concomitant tobacco use and the relatively small number of long-term heavy users – particularly older users. Therefore, even though population-based studies have generally failed to show increased cancer risk, no study has definitively ruled out the possibility that some individuals, especially heavier marijuana users, may incur an elevated risk of cancer. This risk appears to be smaller than for tobacco, yet is important to know about when weighing the benefits and risks of smoking. (Tashkin DP, 2013). More research on marijuana smoking and cancer is needed.

Two other conditions of concern, bullous lung disease (abnormal airspaces in the lungs caused by damage to the lung walls) and pneumothorax (“collapsed lung”), have not been definitively linked to marijuana smoke either (Tam et al, 2006). Several studies have found evidence of a possible association (Beshay et al, 2007; Hii et al, 2008; Reece, 2008), however, many of these studies featured 10 or fewer study subjects, some of whom also smoked tobacco. The research remains unclear.

Respiratory Effects and Route of Delivery

Naturally, research on respiratory effects of marijuana does not apply where marijuana is not smoked. Currently there are several alternative methods of administration available including devices with filters, vaporizers, and oral, sublingual, rectal, and transdermal ingestion.

Smoking devices that use water filters (bongs, e.g.) have been shown to involve equivalent amounts of tar and do not reduce risks of marijuana smoke inhalation (Gieringer, 1996; Bloor et al, 2008).  

Vaporizers, which heat marijuana below combustion point, have been theorized to be a safer method of administration, producing lower levels of tar than cigarettes (Grotenhermen, 2001) and fewer respiratory symptoms reported by users (Earleywine & Smucker Barnwell, 2007). However, these devices have also been shown to release ammonia which, when inhaled, can cause irritation and central nervous system effects, as well as asthma and bronchial spasms (Bloor et al, 2008). More research on the potential use of vaporizers as a harm reduction technique is needed.

Eating marijuana ("edibles") is perhaps a more obvious means to reduce the respiratory effects when using the drug. Oral administration carries its own challenges, however, as it typically takes longer for the effects of the drug to appear (30–60 minutes compared to seconds), making it more difficult to monitor dose and increasing the risk of overdose. Additionally, the effects last longer than some users prefer (Grotenhermen, 2001). That said, overdosing on marijuana is rare and most likely to happen to naïve users. A marijuana overdose can trigger acute anxiety or panic, increased heart rate, low blood pressure, and additional problems.

Other alternative forms of marijuana delivery, including sublingual, rectal, and transdermal delivery have not been appropriately investigated but may also further reduce the possible risks associated with the administration of cannabis (Grotenhermen, 2001).

Summary

  • Based on the current scientific research, there is no definitively proven "safe" way of inhaling marijuana (smoke or vapor).
  • Inhaling marijuana smoke in the long-term is likely to result in damage to the respiratory tract.
  • Smoking both marijuana and tobacco increases the risk of damage from both substances.
  • While marijuana smoke contains carcinogens, research about the association between marijuana smoking and cancer is limited and conflicting. The same is true for other lung-related diseases.
  • Marijuana smoking does appear to increase cough, sputum production, airway inflammation, and wheeze.
  • Using a water pipe or bong does nothing to reduce exposure to tar and carcinogens in marijuana smoke; using a vaporizer may reduce the harm associated with smoking marijuana, however vaporizers may carry their own risks and more research is needed.
  • Oral administration of marijuana (“edibles”) is one way to eradicate the risk of marijuana smoke on the lungs, but carries with it its own challenges.

references

  • Beshay M, Kaiser H, Niedhard D, et al. Emphysema and secondary pneumothorax in young adults smoking cannabis.  European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 2007;32:834-838.
  • Bloor RN, Wang TS, Spanel P, Smith D.  Ammonia release from heated “street” cannabis leaf and its potential toxic effects on cannabis users.  Addiction 2008;103:1671-1677.
  • Earleywine M, Smucker Barnwell S. Decreased respiratory symptoms in cannabis users who vaporize. Harm Reduction Journal 2007;4:511-513.  Free online: http://www.harmreductionjournal.com/content/4/1/11
  • Gieringer D. Marijuana research: Water pipe study. Bulletin of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies 1996;6:59-66.
  • Grotenhermen F. Harm reduction associated with inhalation and oral administration of cannabis and THS. In: Russo E (ed.) Marijuana Therapeutics in HIV/AIDS. New York: Haworth Press, 2001, pp. 134-152.
  • Hii SW, Tam JS, Thompson BR, Naughton MT. Bullous lung disease due to marijuana. Respirology 2008;13:122-127.
  • Hoffmann D, Brunneman DK, Gori BG, Wynder EL. On the carcinogenicity of marijuana smoke. Recent Advances in Phytochemistry 1975;9(63-81).
  • Howden ML, Naughton MT. Pulmonary effects of marijuana inhalation. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine 2011;5(1):87-92
    Mehra R, Moore BA, Crothers K, et al. The association between marijuana smoking and lung cancer: A systematic review. Archives of Internal Medicine 2006;166:1359-1367.
  • Moir D, Rickert WS, Levasseur G, et al. A comparison of mainstream and sidestream marijuana and tobacco cigarette smoke produced under two machine smoking conditions. Chemical Research in Toxicology 2008;21:494-502.
  • Novotny M, Merli F, Weisler D, et al. Fractionation and capillary gas chromatographic mass spectrometric characterization of the neutral components in marijuana and tobacco smoke concentrates.  Journal of Chromatography 1982;238:141-150.
  • Pletcher MJ, Vittinghoff E, Kalhan R, et al. Association between marijuana exposure and pulmonary function over 20 years.  JAMA 2012;307(2):173-181. Free online: http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1104848
  • Reese AS. Marijuana as a cause of giant cystic lung disease. QJM 2008;101:503.
  • Tan C, Hatam N, Treasure T. Bullous disease of the lung and cannabis smoking: Insufficient evidence for a causative link. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2006;99:77-80.
  • Tashkin DP, Gliederer F, Rose J, et al. Effects of varying marijuana smoking profile on deposition of tar and absorption of CO and Delta-9-THC. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 1991;40:651-656.
  • Tashkin DP. Effects of marijuana smoking on the lung.  Annals of the American Thoracic Society 2013;10(3):239-247.
  • Tetrault JM, Crothers K, Moore BA, Mehra R, Concato J, Fiellin DA. Effects of marijuana smoking on pulmonary function and respiratory complications: a systematic review. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007;167(3):221-8. Free online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2720277/
  • Van Dam NT, Earleywine M. Pulmonary function in cannabis users: Support for a clinical trial of the vaporizer. International Journal of Drug Policy 2010;21:511-513.
  • Wu TC, Tashkin DP, Djahed B, Rose JE. Pulmonary hazards of smoking marijuana as compared with tobacco. New England Journal of Medicine 1988;318(6):347-51.

- See more at: http://adai.uw.edu/marijuana/factsheets/respiratoryeffects.htm#stha...

Comment by Dennis L. Kolb Sr. on January 11, 2014 at 7:57pm

"Rocky Mountain High."

Comment by Paul Szemanczky on January 11, 2014 at 6:17pm

Since the govt. spends $47 billion a month on foodstamps for 49 million Utopian work and relief shirkers I would say Colorado is the 1st state to realize the immense 'cash-cow' it's milking. Other blue states are processing laws in committee right this instant to race to catch up to Colorado's Rocky Mountain 'High' (if only John Denver were here to start doing the national commercials, Jack!). I'm REALLY waiting to pull out some hippie beads and Men's Hair Club wig and start smelling like patcholi and cinnamon to realize which conservatives will start looking-like Timothy Leary and intend to RUN FOR PRESIDENT. That may be the strainght edge-to-win in the next conservative's platform: "Let's all get high as a kite and sleep in a mist, but out of the Obama shade." I could write a book of one-liners having lived, survived and enjoyed the 60-ties.

Comment by James William Olmes Rogers on January 11, 2014 at 5:06pm

SHAME has been erased from the DNA of every liberal, and the person with the biggest eraser was/is

   Bill Clinton.....  To not know SHAME is a liberal hallmark, otherwise he/she could not function.

It's a shame that SHAME has been erased......

Comment by Rick Faircloth on January 11, 2014 at 4:38pm

As a nation, we have gone WAAAY overboard with trying to take any sort of shame out of being on food stamps or EBT cards. Shame is one of the best motivators to trying to coax people who have made being "looters of the public" a way of life. No, not all people who need public assistance are abusers; so don't even go there. But people who decide to just live off of the generosity of the public as a way of life and stop trying to rise above dependence should be forced to feel great shame and guilt. When we make the rewards of living off public assistance virtually equivalent to making one's own living, we become enablers for the freeloader way of life. (As a side note, I could hardly believe that someone with an EBT card could get cash at all! Denying access to cash would be the surest way to prevent abuse, such as purchasing marijuana or visiting strip clubs! And there should be NO steak on the grocery list of someone on public assistance. Steak should be an EARNED benefit! I know that some of the low-ranking military members are on public assistance. That should never be the case! Their pay should be high enough that they earn too much to qualify! What an embarrassment, and something that makes me ashamed as an American, that would would pay any rank in our military so little that they should have to depend on WELFARE to live! We depend on THEM to live!)

Comment by Jack Kemp on January 11, 2014 at 4:10pm

LInda, perhaps they cannot get cash directly (I don't know either), but they can get things like steaks they can then sell for cash.

Comment by Lindar on January 11, 2014 at 3:44pm

Stupid question here.....but how is it they can even get cash withdrawal on EBT cards?

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