On This Date In 1634 The first English settlers-a carefully selected group of Catholics and Protestants-arrived at St. Clement's Island on Maryland's western shore aboard the Ark and the Dove, and founded the settlement of St. Mary’s.
On This Date In 1774 British Parliament passed the Boston Port Act, closing the port of Boston and demanding that the city's residents pay for the nearly $1 million worth (in today's money) of tea dumped into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party of December 16, 1773.
On This Date In 1776 The Battle of Saint-Pierre, a military confrontation near the Quebec village of Saint-Pierre, south of Quebec City, took place. This confrontation occurred during the Continental Army's siege of Quebec following its defeat at the Battle of Quebec. The Patriot forces routed the Loyalist forces, killing at least 3 and capturing more than 30.
On This Date In 1807 The British abolished the Trans-Atlantic system of African slave trade.
On This Date In 1865 The Battle of Fort Stedman took place. Confederate General Robert E. Lee made Fort Stedman his last attack of the war in a desperate attempt to break out of Petersburg, Virginia. The attack failed, and within a week Lee was evacuating his positions around Petersburg.
On This Date In 1879 Little Wolf, the chief of the Bowstring Soldiers, an elite Cheyenne military society, and often called "the greatest of the fighting Cheyenne," surrendered to his friend Lieutenant W. P. Clark.
On This Date In 1907 The Montreal Wanderers finished out the ECAHA season with a perfect 10-0 record, and went on to defeat the newly crowned league champion, the Kenora Thistles, in a two-game, total-goal series, 7-2 (Wanderers win), 6-5 (Thistles win), to win the Stanley Cup.
On This Date In 1911 In one of the darkest moments of America's industrial history, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned down, killing 145 workers. The tragedy led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that better protected the safety of factory workers.
On This Date In 1918 And less than three weeks after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk formally brought an end to Russia's participation in the First World War, the former Russian province of Belarus declared itself an independent, democratic republic.
On This Date In 1932 The Supreme Court handed down its decision in the case of Powell v. Alabama. The case arose out of the infamous Scottsboro case. Nine young black men were arrested and accused of raping two white women on a train in Alabama. The boys were fortunate to barely escaped a lynch mob sent to kill them, but were railroaded into convictions and death sentences. The Supreme Court overturned the convictions on the basis that they did not have effective representation.
On This Date In 1933 President Herbert Hoover accepted the newly commissioned USS Sequoia as the official presidential yacht. For 44 years, the Sequoia served as an occasional venue for recreation and official gatherings for eight U.S. presidents.
On This Date In 1935 American author William Faulkner has his novel, “Pylon”, a fictionalized version of New Orleans and set in New Valois, published.
On This Date In 1941 Yugoslavia, despite an early declaration of neutrality, signed the Tripartite Pact, forming an alliance with Axis powers Germany, Italy, and Japan.
On This Date In 1944 While detained, [Dr. Moses Koffinas] learned of German plans to deport Jews, and smuggled a note out to Sabetai Kabelis, a prominent member of the Jewish Community Board, advising the Jews to flee. Unfortunately, Kabelis chose not to relay the warning to the Jews of Ioannina, and on March 25, 1944, the entire Jewish community of 1,860 people, including Kabelis himself, was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Kabelis realized too late his error in judgement.
On This Date In 1946 In conclusion to an extremely tense situation of the early Cold War, the Soviet Union announced its troops in Iran would be withdrawn within six weeks. The Iranian crisis was one of the first tests of power between the United States and the Soviet Union in the postwar world.
On This Date In 1957 France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg signed a treaty in Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC), also known as the Common Market. The EEC, which came into operation in January 1958, was a major step in Europe's movement toward economic and political union.
On This Date In 1958 Sugar Ray Robinson defeated Carmen Basilio to regain the middleweight championship. It was the fifth and final title of his career.
On This Date In 1965 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. marched alongside 25,000 demonstrators in Montgomery, Alabama, to demand voting rights for black Americans.
On This Date In 1967 The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., led a march of 5,000 antiwar demonstrators in Chicago, and in speaking to them, King declared that the Vietnam War was "a blasphemy against all that America stands for."
On This Date In 1968 President Johnson, still uncertain about his course of action in Vietnam, convened a nine-man panel of retired presidential advisors. The group, which became known as the "Wise Men," reached a consensus after a two-day deliberation: they advised against any further troop increases and recommended that the administration seek a negotiated peace.
On This Date In 1975 In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, King Faisal was shot to death by his nephew, Prince Faisal.
On This Date In 1982 Danica Patrick, the first woman to win an IndyCar Series race, America's top level of open-wheel racing, was born in Beloit, Wisconsin.
On This Date In 1983 The moonwalk, or backslide, gained worldwide popularity after Michael Jackson executed it during his performance of his song "Billie Jean" on the March 25, 1983, television special Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever, and was considered his signature move. The moonwalk has since become one of the best known dance techniques in the world.
On This Date In 1983 ”The Outsiders”, a 1983 American drama film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, an adaptation of the 1967 novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton, was released.
On This Date In 1988 ”Biloxi Blues”, the second of playwright Neil Simon's semi-autobiographical trilogy (number one was Brighton Beach Memoirs; number three, Broadway Bound), directed by Mike Nichols, was released.
On This Date In 1994 At the end of a largely unsuccessful 15-month mission, the last U.S. troops departed Somalia, leaving 20,000 U.N. troops behind to keep the peace and facilitate "nation building" in the divided country.
On This Date In 2001 On Oscar night, the ever-quirky Icelandic singer Bjork turned heads by showing up on the red carpet in an outfit resembling a dead swan. Over a nude body stocking and above a large white tutu-like skirt, the swan’s neck was draped around Bjork’s shoulders like a shawl, with its head lying on her chest. Bjork took the stage to perform her nominated song, “I’ve Seen It All,” which lost in its category to Bob Dylan’s “Things Have Changed,” from Wonder Boys.
On This Date In 2008 The invasion of Anjouan (code-named Operation Democracy in Comoros), took place. It was an amphibious assault led by the Comoros, backed by African Union (AU) forces, including troops from Sudan, Tanzania, Senegal, along with logistical support from Libya and France.
On This Date In 2009 Historian and civil rights activist John Hope Franklin died at age 94. He was particularly well-known for his efforts to fight for racial equality in the United States, for his work on the 1954 Supreme Court decision which overturned America’s legalised ‘separate but equal’ apartheid, and for his book “From Slavery to Freedom”, first published in 1947, which sold over 3.5 million copies.
On This Date In 2010 Minnesota Wild beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4-3, New York Rangers win over New Jersey Devils, 4-3, and Tampa Bay Lightning defeated Boston Bruins, 5-3
Happy Birthday Gene Shalit (1926), Jim Lovell (1928), Gloria Steinem (1934), Anita Bryant (1940), Aretha Franklin (1942), Paul Michael Glaser (1943), Elton John (1947), Bonnie Bedelia (1948), Marcia Cross (1962), Sarah Jessica Parker (1965), Danica Patrick (1982), and Katharine McPhee (1984).
RIP Saint Catherine of Siena (1347 - 1380), John Hope Franklin (1915 - 2009), Simone Signoret (1921 - 1985), and Hoyt Axton (1938 - 1999).
That some achieve great success, is proof to all that others can achieve it as well. Abraham Lincoln
Keep away from those who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make you believe that you too can become great. Mark Twain
Reach high, for stars lie hidden in your soul. Dream deep, for every dream precedes the goal. Pamela Vaull Starr
Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. Helen Keller
Success means doing the best we can with what we have. Success is the doing, not the getting; in the trying, not the triumph. Success is a personal standard, reaching for the highest that is in us, becoming all that we can be. Zig Ziglar