On This Date In 1779 Congress established the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to help plan, design and prepare environmental and structural facilities for the U.S. Army. Made up of civilian workers, members of the Continental Army and French officers, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers played an essential role in the critical Revolutionary War battles at Bunker Hill, Saratoga and Yorktown.
On This Date In 1818Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus was published. The book, by 21-year-old Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, is frequently called the world's first science fiction novel.
On This Date In 1861 Congress ratifies the Confederate Constitution - The Constitution of the Confederate States of America was the supreme law of the Confederate States of America, as adopted on March 11, 1861 and remained in effect through the conclusion of the American Civil War.
On This Date In 1862 President Lincoln issued War Order No. 3, a measure making several changes at the top of the Union command structure. He created three departments, placing Henry Halleck in charge of the west, John C. Frémont in command of troops in the Appalachian region, and George McClellan in the east. http://tinyurl.com/6ewzzd7
On This Date In 1864 The Great Sheffield Flood, also known as the Great Inundation, was a flood that devastated parts of Sheffield, England, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke.
On This Date In 1888 The notorious "Blizzard of 1888" literally paralyzed the northeastern U.S. after three days of snow, wind and freezing temperatures.
On This Date In 1901 The Cincinnati Enquirer reported the signing of a mysterious player named "Chief Tokohama" to baseball’s Baltimore Orioles by manager John McGraw. Chief Tokohama was later revealed to be Charlie Grant, an African-American second baseman. McGraw was attempting to draw upon the great untapped resource of African-American baseball talent in the face of baseball’s unspoken rule banning black players from the major leagues.
On This Date In 1914 The Toronto Blueshirts win the Stanley Cup. The 1913–14 NHA season was the sixth season of the National Hockey Association (NHA).
On This Date In 1917 The British Indian Army fighting the Ottoman Turks in WWI, after a series of defeats, captured Baghdad in a two-year campaign.
On This Date In 1918 Private Albert Gitchell of the U.S. Army reported to the hospital at Fort Riley, Kansas, and complained of cold-like symptoms of sore throat, fever and headache. By noon, over 100 of his fellow soldiers had reported similar symptoms, marking what are believed to be the first cases in the historic influenza epidemic of 1918. http://tinyurl.com/4pb3rhl
On This Date In 1942 After struggling against great odds to save the Philippines from Japanese conquest, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur abandoned the island fortress of Corregidor under orders from President Franklin Roosevelt. Left behind at Corregidor and on the Bataan Peninsula were 90,000 American and Filipino troops, who, lacking food, supplies, and support, would soon succumb to the Japanese offensive. http://tinyurl.com/5uaypw5
On This Date In 1967 U.S. 1st Infantry Division troops engaged in one of the heaviest battles of Operation Junction City. The fierce fighting resulted in 210 reported North Vietnamese casualties. http://tinyurl.com/69dcnqj
On This Date In 1976 The FDA Approved Roche Palo's Naprosyn. Naprosyn is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Naproxen works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.
On This Date In 1977 The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, a full-length animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions (its 22nd at the time), was released.
On This Date In 1978 The Coastal Road Massacre of 1978, a Palestinian terrorist attack involving the hijacking of a bus on Israel's Coastal Highway in which 38 Israeli civilians were killed, 13 of them children, and 71 wounded, took place.
On This Date In 1985 Capping his rapid rise through the Communist Party hierarchy, Mikhail Gorbachev is selected as the new general secretary and leader of the Soviet Union, following the death of Konstantin Chernenko the day before.
On This Date In 1985 ”The Purple Rose of Cairo”, a 1985 film written and directed by Woody Allen, was released.
On This Date In 1990 Lithuania proclaimed its independence from the USSR, the first Soviet republic to do so.
On This Date In 1990 The Central US tornado outbreak was a tornado outbreak that affected portions of the United States Great Plains and Midwest regions from Iowa to Texas from March 11 to March 13, 1990.
On This Date In 1997 Paul McCartney, former member of the most successful rock band in history, The Beatles, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his "services to music."
On This Date In 2003 The Federal appeals court ruled Guantanamo Bay detainees have no legal rights in the US. http://tinyurl.com/4ng29f7
On This Date In 2004 On the morning of March 11, 2004, as thousands of commuters made their way to work, 10 bombs packed with nails and dynamite exploded on four trains heading into central Madrid. The blasts killed 191 people and injured nearly 1,800. It was the worst Islamist terrorist attack in European history.
Happy Birthday Nancy Kovack (1936), Antonin Scalia (1936), Bobby McFerrin (1950), Joey Buttafuoco (1956), Lisa Loeb (1968), Terrence Howard (1969), Johnny Knoxville (1971), and Heidi Cortez (1981).
RIP Torquato Tasso (1544 – 1595), Lawrence Welk (1903 – 1992), Harold Wilson (1916 – 1995), Merlin Olsen (1940 - 2010), and Anissa Jones (1958 – 1976).
“I love those who can smile in trouble, who can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection.” Leonardo da Vinci
“Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.” Bertrand Russell
“We live in the midst of alarms; anxiety beclouds the future; we expect some new disaster with each newspaper we read.” Abraham Lincoln
“Living things have been doing just that for a long, long time. Through every kind of disaster and setback and catastrophe. We are survivors.” Robert Fulghum
“Happiness and strength endure only in the absence of hate. To hate alone is the road to disaster. To love is the road to strength. To love in spite of all is the secret of greatness. And may very well be the greatest secret in this universe.” L. Ron Hubbard