On This Date In 238 The Year of the Six Emperors, the Senate outlawed Maximinus for his bloodthirsty proscriptions in Rome and nominated two of its members, Pupienu and Balbinus, to the throne.
On This Date In 1500 Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral officially discovered Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal. He had 13 vessels with him.
On This Date In 1529 The Treaty of Zaragoza, a peace treaty between Spain and Portugal, was signed by King John III and the Emperor Charles V, in the city of Zaragoza, dividing the eastern hemisphere between the two.
On This Date In 1809 On the second day of The Battle of Eckmühl the Austrian army, under Archduke Charles was defeated by the First French Empire army led by Napoleon I and Marshal Davout of France, and driven over the Danube at Regensburg.
On This Date In 1836 Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
On This Date In 1864 The U.S. Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
On This Date In 1889 The Oklahoma Land Run of 1889 took place. It was the first land run into the Unassigned Lands and included all or part of the 2005 modern day Canadian, Cleveland, Kingfisher, Logan, Oklahoma, and Payne counties of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The land run started at high noon with an estimated 50,000 people lined up for their piece of the available two million acres (8,000 km²).
On This Date In 1898 Spanish-American War: The United States Navy began a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.
On This Date In 1903 The New York Stock Exchange Building opened. The New York Stock and Exchange Board (and became NYSE in 1863) was formed on March 8, 1817. The building was later listed as a National Historic Landmark and added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 2, 1978. The New York Stock Exchange's origin can be traced back to the signing of the Buttonwood Agreement on May 17th, 1792. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1806.html
On This Date In 1911Pravda, the "voice" of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, began publication in Saint Petersburg.
On This Date In 1915 Through May 31, the British suffered 59,275 casualties from the fighting at the Second Battle of Ypres and Hill 60 (just south of Ypres). The German losses are given as 34,933. The battle marked the first use of poison gas in warfare for which the British were totally unprepared. http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~cjmorton/service/ww1/ypres/overvi...
On This Date In 1939 ”Dark Victory”, a 1939 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding, was released. Bette Davis was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress but lost to Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind. The movie also starred George Brent, Humphrey Bogart, and Ronald Reagan in the biggest film of his young career.
On This Date In 1944 Allied Forces begin Exercise Tiger as rehearsal to the D-Day Invasion of Normandy. What began as a top secret naval operation to prepare US Army and Naval forces for the June 6th D-Day Invasion, would end with one of the highest losses ever suffered in combat by the US Army and Navy in WW II. http://www.exercisetiger.org/pages/ext_battlehistory.htm
On This Date In 1945 At his afternoon situation conference, Adolph Hitler fell into a tearful rage when he realized his unrealistic plans of the day before were not going to be carried out. Hitler openly declared for the first time the war was lost, blamed the generals, and announced he would stay in Berlin until the end and then shoot himself
On This Date In 1945 Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp is Liberated by the Red Army and the Polish 2nd Infantry Division of Ludowe Wojsko Polskie. With the approach of Soviet forces, SS camp guards began the forced evacuation on foot of 33,000 prisoners from the Sachsenhausen concentration camp to the northwest during the night of April 21, 1945. Most of the prisoners were physically exhausted and thousands did not survive this death march; those who collapsed en route were shot by the SS. On April 22, 1945, the camp's remaining 3,000 inmates, including 1,400 women were liberated. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007776
On This Date In 1954 Red Scare: Witnesses began testifying and live television coverage of the Army-McCarthy Hearings began.
On This Date In 1962 The Stanley Cup Final was contested by the defending champion Chicago Black Hawks and the Toronto Maple Leafs who had last appeared in the Final in 1960. The Maple Leafs would win the best-of-seven series four games to two to win the Stanley Cup, their first since 1951.
On This Date In 1964 The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair, best remembered as a showcase of mid-20th century American culture and technology, opened for its first season.
On This Date In 1964 AT&T introduced the Picturephone, the first Video Conference System, at the New York World's Fair.
On This Date In 1969 British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston completed the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.
On This Date In 1970 Earth Day was first observe, when an estimated 20 million people nationwide attended the inaugural event. A day designed to inspire awareness and appreciation for the Earth's environment, it was founded by U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson (D-Wisconsin) as an environmental teach-in and is celebrated in many countries every year.
On This Date In 1974 Apostrophe (’), an album by Frank Zappa, his eighteenth, was released in both stereo and quadraphonic formats. It was Zappa’s biggest commercial success, reaching number 10 on the Billboard charts and going gold on March 7, 1976.
On This Date In 1985 Michael Jordan burst into the big time with a fabulous first season, earning the NBA Rookie of the Year Award in 1984-85 after averaging 28.2 points per game.
On This Date In 1993 Version 1.0 of the Mosaic web browser was released. Mosaic is the browser credited with popularizing the World Wide Web.
On This Date In 1993 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), the United States' living memorial to The Holocaust. Adjacent to the National Mall in Washington, D.C., opened. The USHMM is dedicated to help leaders and citizens of the world to confront hatred, prevent genocide, promote human dignity, and strengthen democracy.
On This Date In 1994 Richard M. Nixon, the 37th president of the United States - who won re-election in a record landslide and resigned in disgrace 21 months later, and was the only President in more than two centuries of American history to resign from office - died in a New York City hospital four days after suffering a stroke. He was 81.
On This Date In 1998 Disney's Animal Kingdom opened at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, in the U.S. I was there!
On This Date In 2000 In a pre-dawn raid, U.S. federal agents seized six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami, Florida.
On This Date In 2003 ”American Life”, mostly composed and entirely produced by Madonna and Mirwais Ahmadzaï, was released.
On This Date In 2004 Up to 3,000 people were killed or injured in a huge explosion after two fuel trains collided in North Korea. The blast happened at Ryongchon station, 50km north of Pyongyang, South Korea's YTN television reported.
On This Date In 2005 Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologized for Japan's war record at the Asia-African Summit 2005.
On This Date In 2008 The United States Air Force retired the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.
On This Date In 2008 Dole Food Company, Inc. announced its operating division in Costa Rica, Standard Fruit Company de Costa Rica S.A., would purchase carbon offsets from the Costa Rican Government's program in amounts equal to the carbon dioxide emissions generated by the inland transport of Dole produced bananas and pineapples. This ground-breaking announcement marks the first time a private company has committed to offset its emissions from the transport of its finished products within Costa Rica. Costa Rica is seeking to become carbon neutral by 2021.
On This Date In 2008 The U.S. FDA Approved the Brussels drugmaker UCB Inc's Cimzia for Adult Patients Suffering From Moderate to Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis. Cimzia is in a group of drugs called tumor necrosis factor blockers. Certolizumab reduces the effects of a substance in the body that can cause inflammation.
On This Date In 2008 Surgeons at London's Moorfields Eye Hospital performed the first operations using bionic eyes. The device - the first of its kind - incorporates a video camera and transmitter mounted on a pair of glasses. This is linked to an artificial retina, which transmits moving images along the optic nerve to the brain and enables the patient to discriminate rudimentary images of motion, light and dark. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/health/article37906...
On This Date In 2010 Deepwater Horizon, an oil rig owned by BP and Transocean, sank to the bottom of the Gulf Of Mexico after having a blowout two days earlier. The well then created the largest oil spill in U.S. history by constantly gushing oil through the damaged wellhead.
Happy Birthday Charlotte Rae (1926), Glen Campbell (1936), Jack Nicholson (1937), Ann Mitchell (1939), Peter Frampton (1950), Catherine Mary Stewart (1959), Chris Makepeace (1964), and David Percy (1982).
RIP Pope Alexander VIII (1610 – 1691), Eleazar Wheelock (1711 – 1779), Belle Bennett (1891 – 1932), J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904 – 1967), Eddie Albert (1906 – 2005), Yehudi Menuhin (1916 – 1999), Bettie Page (1923 – 2008), Charles Mingus (1922 – 1979), Aaron Spelling (1923 – 2006), Stephen Fossett (1944 – 2007), and Marilyn Chambers (1952 – 2009).
Blessed are those to whom Easter is not a hunt...but a find; not a greeting...but a proclamation; not an outward fashion...but inward grace; not a day...but an eternity. Anderson
I am responsible. Although I may not be able to prevent the worst from happening, I am responsible for my attitude toward the inevitable misfortunes that darken life. Bad things do happen; how I respond to them defines my character and the quality of my life. I can choose to sit in perpetual sadness, immobilized by the gravity of my loss, or I can choose to rise from the pain and treasure the most precious gift I have – life itself. Walter Anderson
Dreaming is not enough. You have to go a step further and use your imagination to visualize, with intent! Forget everything you've ever been taught, and believe it will happen, just as you imagined it. That is the secret. That is the mystery of life. Christine Anderson
The joyful news that He is risen does not change the contemporary world. Still before us lie work, discipline, sacrifice. But the fact of Easter gives us the spiritual power to do the work, accept the discipline, and make the sacrifice. Henry Knox Sherrill
Easter is not a time for groping through dusty, musty tomes or tombs to disprove spontaneous generation or even to prove life eternal. It is a day to fan the ashes of dead hope, a day to banish doubts and seek the slopes where the sun is rising, to revel in the faith which transports us out of ourselves and the dead past into the vast and inviting unknown. Author Unknown